Missing Breed: Dongola
Pia Marie Skjødt
About The Breed:
Alternative Names: Dongalawi, Dongolas, Dongolaw
Difference to current Breeds / How is it unique?
The original version of Dongola is mostly extinct one of the prime reasons being mixed breed with the Barb, Arab as well as their crossbreeds. Another reason for its decline may also be the lack of proper initiatives to improve the condition of the breed.
Because of their strong stature and excellent riding abilities they had been of immense use in the past. The King of Sennar had obtained some of these horses in the year 1772, describing them to be of a fine quality with a strength equivalent to coach horses, though light and free in movements and spirit.
They also served as cavalry horses for the Abyssinian troupes during the Italian-Abyssinian war. Moreover, the lighter version of the hunter horse developed after importing the Dongola to Italy, while Germany too conducted similar experiments. Certain other horses are regarded to be strains of the Dongola, including Fulana (North Africa); Hausa and Bornu (Nigeria); Bahar-el-Ghazal (Chad); Djerma, Songhai, Mossi, and Yagha (Niger Bend). In fact, these breeds collectively are referred to as the West African Dongola or even the West African Barb.
Temperament/ Personality: Spirited, energetic, intelligent and bold
Physical Characteristics: Large head; well-pronounced convex profile; long back; flat and high chest; long and thin legs, convex head profile
Common Use all types of riding
Height: 15 to 15.2 hands
Health: No breed-related issues
Country of Origin: Sudan, Eritrea
Year of development: May be during the 12th or 13th century
Ancestors: Arab, Barb, Iberian
All kinds of disciplines
(unfortunatelly, I don't know much about breedcaps...)
Pictures of Colors
Dark Bay, white legs and face (source: horse breed pictures)
Reddish Bay, white legs and face (source: horse breed pictures)
Grey (source: Alchetron)
Seal Bay, white legs (source: Alchetron)
Black, white face and legs (source: horse breed pictures)
Pinto (source: wikipedia)
Drawing of an intriguing piebald Dongola horse by F. Joseph Cardini from 1848.
More Pictures: - click here -
Master Breed List
Base Colors: Black, Bay, Chestnut
Modifiers: sabino, rabicano, dun, cream
White Markings: yes
Does your breed carry Appaloosa? no
Does your breed carry Grey? yes
Which colors are rare for this breed? dun / cream modified colors
What outcrosses are allowed? yes
Examples Of The Breed
Black mare, long legs, convex head profile
Grey stallion, long legs, convex head
Do they have a studbook or registry of some sort?
I'm afraid I can't accept any of the paintings as color evidence as there's no way to prove that their references were truly Dongola horses.
Lastly, do you have any information about what kind of riding the modern Dongola is mainly used for so we can get an idea of what discipline caps to assign?
Pia Marie Skjødt
As far as I know, there's no (online existing) studbook.
I was searching again and couln't find any studbook, just this encyclopedia from 1940 (new edition from 2007):
It's really hard to find more than this and the already postet links at the "Real life" part of the thread..
I can't accept this breed based on this information, unfortunately- without some sort of studbook or other association it's impossible to set a breed standard. It's hard to say if they're an actual breed or just what people call the common horses in that region. I'll leave this open for a while longer if you or anyone else wishes to give more evidence.